Spouse or child of Japanese national




Spouse of Japanese national visa is assigned to either a spouse or child of a Japanese national, whose citizenship is not Japanese. Not only biological children, but also adopted child of Japanese national is considered to be a child of a Japanese national.

This  spouse or child of a Japanese national visa  is often called such as “Spouse Visa” or “Marriage Visa,” and makes it possible for married Japanese and foreigner couples to live together in Japan.

Lengths of visa Terms

Lengths of residence for a spouse or child of a Japanese person

6 months

1 year

3 years

5 years

Targeted Person

The following people are qualified for a spouse or child of a Japanese person visa

1. Spouse of Japanese national

2. Specially adopted child of a Japanese national—-NOT normal adoption

3. Biological child of a Japanese national

Requirements and points

[Requirements for spouse of a Japanese national]

People who fulfill ALL of the following:

1. People who are lawfully married to a Japanese person  

The “Spouse” category DOES NOT include de facto marriages.

2. People who are living and cooperating with their spouse

Furthermore, the marriage must fit the generally accepted concept of married lifestyle in that the relationship must be formal (lawful), and the couple should be substantially living together, cooperating and mutually aiding each other.


[Points for Spouse of a Japanese National Visa]

With the presumption that the above two conditions are met, you should apply after considering whether the marriage will continue to be stable. In other words, you should consider the following:

1. Was the relationship until marriage appropriately long?

Foreigners who married a year after first meeting their spouse have a higher chance of obtaining a visa than if the couple had gotten married only a month after first meeting.

2.  Is the time since getting married until the time of application appropriately long?

It is beneficial towards your explanation of the stability of your marriage if you also waited a significant period of time after getting married before applying for a visa.

3. Economic Stability

Economic stability of the household is also beneficial towards your explanation of stability

The immigration bureau is aware of the fact that there are also a number of disguised marriages within the applications to gain visa as a spouse of a Japanese national and is very strict about this in the inspection process. Even if the marriage is lawful and sincere, if there are any mistakes made on the submitted documents, there is a chance that you may not be able to acquire, extend or change your visa status to spouse of Japanese national.

[Specially adopted child of a Japanese person (by law must be under 6 years of age)]

A child whose relationship was detached from their biological parents by a family court, and who is cared for as the adoptive parent’s real child. (General adopted children are not admitted)

[Child of a Japanese national]

People who fulfill either of the following:

1. A biological child who was born after their father or mother had already held Japanese citizenship

2. In the case the father passed away before the birth of the child: A biological child of a person who had already held Japanese citizenship before the father passed away

Even cases where the Japanese parents gave up their citizenship after birth they may fulfill this requirement for residency. Even cases where the child is not born in Japan, it does not affect the acquisition of visa qualifications. Furthermore, illegitimacy does not affect acquisition of visa qualifications.


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